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Conversation 6. Yoga of Self-Control
 

Bhagavad Gita/Conversation 6. Yoga of Self-Control


Conversation 6.
Yoga of Self-Control

Lord Krishna said:

6:1. The one who actively performs one’s own duty without desiring a profit is a true sannyasi. Such one is a Yogi, rather than those living without a fire and duties.

6:2. Know, O Pandava: that which is called sannyasa is the same as Yoga. The one who has not renounced worldly desires cannot become a Yogi!

6:3. For the reasonable one who aspires to Yoga, action is the means. For the one who has attained Yoga, non-action is the means.

6:4. The one who has renounced worldly desires and attained Yoga is attached neither to earthly objects nor to worldly activity.

6:5. With the help of the Atman let a Yogi uncover the own Atman! And let the Atman be never lowered again! One can be a friend to the Atman; one can be a foe to the Atman.

6:6. The one who cognizes the Atman is a friend to the Atman. The one who opposes the Atman remains the Atman’s foe!

6:7. The one who has cognized the Atman attains full peace, because such one takes refuge in the Divine Consciousness* when being in cold or heat, in situations of joy or grief, honor or dishonor.

6:8. True Yogis are those who are calmed by wisdom and knowledge of the Atman, who are steadfast, whose indriyas are subjugated, to whom a clod, a stone, and gold are the same.

6:9. The one who has developed oneself as a consciousness and advanced spiritually is well-disposed both to friends and to foes, to neutrals, to strangers, to the envious, to relatives, to the pious, and to the vicious.

6:10. Let a Yogi be constantly concentrating in the Atman, being in seclusion, self-disciplined, not indulging in reveries, devoid of the feeling of possessiveness.

6:11. Having arranged in a clean place a firm seat for working with the Atman, neither too high nor too low, covered with the kusha grass and with cloth which is alike to deer skin,

6:12. having concentrated the mind on one thing and subjugated the indriyas, staying calmly in one place, — the Yogi should practice Yoga, experiencing bliss in the Atman!

6:13. Keeping upright the trunk, neck, and head, directing the look to the tip of the nose, but not looking, scattering not the attention,

6:14. having become established in the Atman, fearless, steadfast in brahmachariya*, the mind conquered, the thoughts directed towards Me — the Yogi should aspire to Me as to His Ultimate Goal!

6:15. The Yogi who has merged with the Atman and who controls the mind enters the Highest Nirvana and abides there in Me.

6:16. Verily, Yoga is not for those who eat too much or do not eat at all, nor for those who sleep too long or wake too long, O Arjuna!

6:17. Yoga dispels all suffering in the one who has become moderate in eating, resting, working, also in sleeping and waking.

6:18. Such a person — who is free from all cravings and is concentrated in the Atman alone — is regarded to be in harmony.

6:19. The Yogi who has subjugated the mind and is one with the Atman is like a lamp in a windless place whose flame does not flicker.

6:20 When the mind calmed by Yoga exercises becomes quiet, when the Yogi finds bliss in the Atman contemplating the Atman by the Atman,

6:21. when this Yogi attains that highest Bliss accessible only to a developed consciousness and lying beyond the ordinary reach of indriyas, and having cognized this bliss the Yogi never strays from the Truth,

6:22. and having attained this, the Yogi cannot imagine something higher, and existing in this state such one is not shaken even by the most grave sorrow, —

6:23. such a break of ties with grief is to be called Yoga. One should give oneself to such Yoga resolutely, without wavering!

6:24. Having abandoned vain desires and conquered all the indriyas,

6:25. gradually calming the consciousness, the Yogi should study his or her own Essence — the Atman — without distracting thoughts to anything else!

6:26. If the uneasy and fickle mind wanders away, curb it and constantly direct it to the Atman!

6:27. The highest happiness awaits a Yogi whose mind has become calm and whose passions have faded, who has become sinless and alike to Brahman!

6:28. A Yogi who has achieved inner harmony and has gotten rid of vices — easily experiences the unlimited Bliss of the contact with Brahman!

6:29. The one established in Yoga sees the Atman in every being and all beings dwelling in the Atman; such one sees the same everywhere.

6:30. They who see Me everywhere and see everything in Me — I will never forsake them and they will never forsake Me!

6:31. They, established in such Oneness, who worship Me present in everything — such Yogis live in Me whatever their activity is.

6:32. The one who sees manifestations of the Atman in everything and who has cognized through this the sameness of everything — both the pleasant and the unpleasant — such one is regarded as a perfect Yogi, O Arjuna!

Arjuna said:

6:33. For such Yoga, which is attained through inner evenness, O Madhusudana, I do not see a firm ground in myself, because of the restlessness of the mind.

6:34. For the mind is truly restless, O Krishna! It is turbulent, obstinate, hard to restrain! I think it is as difficult to curb it as to curb the wind!

Lord Krishna said:

6:35. No doubt, O mighty-armed, the mind is restless and hard to curb. Yet, one can put it under control by constant practice and dispassionateness.

6:36. Yoga is hard to attain for man who has not cognized the Atman. But the one who has cognized the Atman is on the right way to Yoga — this is My opinion.

Arjuna said:

6:37. The one who has not renounced everything worldly but is endowed with faith, who has not subjugated the mind and fell away from Yoga, — what will happen to such a person, O Krishna?

6:38. Will the one who has failed on both of the paths and has strayed from the Path to Brahman be destroyed like a riven cloud, O Mighty One?

6:39. Dispel my doubts, O Krishna! You alone can do this!

Lord Krishna said:

6:40. O Partha, there is no destruction to such a person either in this world or in the next! The one who has wished to behave righteously will never come on the path of sorrow, O My beloved!

6:41. Such a person, fell away from Yoga, attains the worlds of righteous people and stays there countless years, then such one gets born again in a pure and blessed family.

6:42. Such one may even be born in a family of wise Yogis, but such a birth is very hard to attain.

6:43. Such one is born again, being the consciousness developed in the previous incarnation, and continues advancement on the Path to Perfection, O joy of the Kurus!

6:44. The merits of the previous life drive this person forward: the one, who has aspired to cognition of Yoga, surpasses the level of the ritual religious practice!

6:45. Yogis who strive tirelessly, who have ridden themselves of vices and over many incarnations have been going to Perfection — such Yogis achieve the Supreme Goal!

6:46. A Yogi is superior to ascetics, to sages, to a man of action. Therefore, become a Yogi, O Arjuna!

6:47. Among all Yogis, I respect most the one who lives in Me being connected with Me through the Atman and serves Me whole-heartedly!


Thus in the Upanishads of the blessed Bhagavad Gita, the Science of Eternal, the Scripture of Yoga, says the sixth conversation between Shri Krishna and Arjuna, entitled:

Yoga of Self-Control.

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